. Dr. Dhananjay Mankar, Nishant Sagar


ASHA workers tasks include motivating women to give birth in hospitals, bringing children to immunization clinics, encouraging family planning (e.g., surgical sterilization), treating basic illness and injury with first aid, keeping demographic records, and improving village sanitation.  ASHAs are also meant to serve as a key communication mechanism between the healthcare system and rural populations.  ASHA play important role in generating demand and awareness among the community. The awareness about the nutrition, sanitation, hygiene, immunization, and population stabilization have yet not reached the community in the effective manner. The selection of ASHA is from various socio cultural backgrounds. There is also wide disparity among the ASHA in economic status and literacy level. Objectives of the study are; To assess the socio demographic ,economic profile of ASHA in Bahariya block, Siwan, Bihar, To assess the health system difficulties in respect to incentives , behaviour and others difficulties during the work in Bahariya block , Siwan, Bihar, To assess the association between different socioeconomic - Demographic conditions, health system difficulties and Family planning (Surgical Sterilization ).A analytical cross sectional study where the correspondent was interviewed face to face with questionnaire and used secondary data available at PHC in respect to FP achievement. 100 ASHA of barhariya block of siwan have been taken. Done the uni-variate and Bi-variate analysis.Chi-square (p-value) which gives association between the variables. p-value less than 0.10 tells that there is significant association between two variables. Major findings of study are - SC caste ASHA, less educated, and with family income less than 2 lakhs are doing more FP. This may be due in order to receive higher incentive to support their family. Even Annual family income of ASHA is found to be significantly associated with the number of FP done.


ASHA , Socio economy , Demography , Family planning

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