4Ps MODEL of AIRPORTS DEVELOPMENT; A STUDY ON LAND ACQUISITION FOR INDIAN AIRPORTS

. Mustafa Kozhikkal

Abstract


This research paper is about public-private-people-participation (4ps) model of airports development; a critical study on land acquisition for Indian airports with special reference to Kerala. The developmental projects of modernisation of Calicut international airport in the ‘brown’ category, the new international airport in Kannur is expected to open in June 2018 and steps are progressing for the Aranmula airport. The high densely populated small state of Kerala now enjoyed the status of three international airports. The fourth is opening in Kannur and fifth in Aranmula. The all controversial projects face strong protest from environmentalists and local people and politicians. The significant question raised by the villagers and the environmentalists do we need additional airports in India especially in the state of Kerala? The new airport projects, such as Kannur, Aranmula, Wayanad and Idukki are in the green investment category, represents the new projects and accelerates fresh capital formation. The modernization and expansion of Calicut International Airport lay in the brown field category. This study is looking for strengthening the idea of people-oriented development projects is the all in all universal remedy for all pros and corns associated with the airport development projects. The principle of “4 P Model” (that is, Public-Private-People-Participation) is one of the remedies to address the grievances created by development-induced displacement of inhabitants.


Keywords


Public-Private-People-Participation (4Ps) Model

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References


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The Hindu Daily: 28th August 2013 & 11th January 2014.


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